About Gum Disease

Treatment

Non-Surgical Therapy

 

Although there are surgical treatments for gum disease, there are also non-surgical therapies, such as scaling and root planing (SRP). This usually involves anesthetizing the gum tissues with an anesthetic. The dentist or hygienist then scrapes the diseased tooth root until it is clean and no longer contains bacterial waste.


SRP combined with an adjunct therapy has proven to be an effective treatment.
Once gum disease has been diagnosed, immediate action is required in order to avoid its progression. If left untreated, the gum may deteriorate and even require surgery.
SRP is a procedure by which tartar is removed by a dental professional. Using special instruments, the dentist or hygienist removes the plaque and bacterial contamination from the tooth surface and smoothnes the roughness of the root surface.

 

Even though SRP removes most of the bacteria causing infection of the gums, the instruments used during this mechanical procedure cannot always reach the bacteria that hide at the bottom of the gum pockets. Difficult-to-reach areas and the soft tissue (gums) surrounding the pockets also require additional attention to ensure that most of the disease-causing bacteria are removed.

 

A growing number of dentists and hygienists have discovered that they can be more effective in treating and removing one of the underlying causes of gum disease (i.e., bacteria in the pocket) by adding a locally applied antiseptic substance, such as PerioChip (Chlorhexidine Gluconate) 2.5mg, following SRP. Studies have shown that patients who received PerioChip after SRP experienced a statistically significant reduction in the depth of their periodontal pockets versus patients who were treated with SRP alone when measured at nine months after initial treatment.

 

PerioChip is indicated as an adjunct to SRP procedures for reduction of pocket depth (PD) in patients with adult periodontitis, with a PD greater than or equal to 5 mm.